Climate-smart agriculture (CSA) is an approach for transforming agriculture under the new realities of climate change. The most commonly used definition is “agriculture that sustainably increases productivity, enhances resilience (adaptation), reduces/removes GHGs (mitigation) where possible, and enhances achievement of national food security and development goals”. Climate-smart agriculture is a subset of sustainable agriculture, by which we mean that all the practices that deliver productivity, resilience or mitigation in relation to climate would also be practices included in most elaborations of sustainable agriculture. This boils down to three essential features:
- an explicit focus on climate change;
- the search for synergies and negotiation of trade-offs in the pursuit of productivity, adaptation and mitigation outcomes in a broader landscape or system perspective; and
- the availability of new funding opportunities for agricultural development.
A variety of stakeholders from local to national and international levels who identify agricultural strategies suitable to their local conditions engage in climate-smart agriculture. Climate-smart agriculture can be used among many commodities, including coffee. CSA allows for not just farmers or co-ops to engage but also buyers, producers and retailers.
This video produced by the World Bank shows a coffee farmer in Uganda implementing climate-smart agriculture.